Low-Frequency Component Analysis (LFCA)
Low-frequency component analysis (LFCA) is a method that transforms the leading empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) of a data set in order to identify a pattern with the maximum ratio of low-frequency to total variance (based on application of a lowpass filter). The resulting low-frequency patterns (LFPs) and low-frequency components (LFCs) isolate low-frequency climate variability and are useful in diagnosing the corresponding mechanisms. This method is presented in Wills et al. (2018, GRL). Matlab and Python code for LFCA is available on GitHub: https://github.com/rcjwills/lfca.
Wills, R.C., T. Schneider, J.M. Wallace, D.S. Battisti, and D.L. Hartmann, 2018: Disentangling global warming, multidecadal variability, and El Niño in Pacific temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi:10.1002/2017GL076327. [PDF] [SI] [Official version]